20 August 2018

Iran

Iran's Mossadegh 'would have negotiated with Donald Trump'

 KONFRONTASI-On August 19, 1953, an American-led military coup toppled Iran's first democratically elected government of Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh, a move described in a declassified CIA document "as an act of US foreign policy".

For the past 65 years, this event has continued to haunt the ties between Tehran and Washington - and in recent months has taken on a new significance amid a renewed diplomatic standoff between the two following US President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the 2015 nuclear deal and reimpose sanctions.

The move angered Tehran and prompted a range of reactions - from President Hassan Rouhani saying Iran will not negotiate while sanctions are in place, to the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei declaring that all negotiations are off the table while Trump is president.

But if Mossadegh was in charge today, he would have engaged in direct talks with Trump, a former Iranian diplomat and current spokesman of the late leader's political party, National Front, told Al Jazeera.

"For Dr. Mossadegh, everything was towards the realisation of the country's national interest," Davoud Hermidas-Bavand said, addressing him by his title as a doctor of law.

"If he was alive today, and he was responsible for any decision for the country, he would have adopted the same approach he took in 1953, within the context of existing international framework and international values," added the 85-year-old.

In May 1953, just months before his ouster, Mossadegh ordered the government's takeover of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, now British Petroleum (BP).

The prime minister had contended that an oil exploration deal signed decades before favoured the British company, instead of the Iranian people.

But before going ahead with the takeover, Mossadegh had held months-long talks with the UK and the US to reach a compromise. The dispute went all the way to the International Court, which sided with Iran.

China, Russia defend trade ties with Iran after US sanctions

KONFRONTASI - China and Russia have repudiated new US sanctions on Iran, pledging to maintain trade ties with Tehran after President Donald Trump warned countries against doing business with the Islamic Republic.

"China has consistently opposed unilateral sanctions and long-armed jurisdiction," the Chinese Foreign Ministry said Wednesday, addressing Trump's decision Monday to reimpose sanctions on Tehran.

Tak Rela Iran Dikucilkan, Uni Eropa Melawan Ancaman AS

KONFRONTASI  -    Presiden Donald Trump mengancam siapa pun di dunia yang menjalin hubungan dengan Iran tidak akan bisa berbisnis dengan Amerika Serikat (AS). Namun, Uni Eropa (UE) nekat melawan ancaman Amerika Serikat (AS) dengan menolak mematuhi sanksi Washington yang dijatuhkan pada Iran tersebut.

Soal Sanksi AS, Rouhani: Tekanan Trump Tak akan Buat Iran Menyerah

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Iran Hassan Rouhani pada Senin (6/8) mengatakan rakyat Iran akan membuat Amerika Serikat menyesal karena memberlakukan lagi sanksi terhadap Republik Islam tersebut.

"Melalui persatuan dan solidaritas, rakyat Iran akan menghadapi dan melawan dengan keberanian kembalinya sanksi," kata Rouhani, sebagaimana dikutip Xinhua .

AS Kembali Berlakukan Sanksi atas Iran

KONFRONTASI-Amerika Serikat akan memberlakukan lagi sanksi atas Iran yang telah dibekukan berdasarkan kesepakatan nuklir bersejarah 2015, kata Pemerintah Presiden Donald Trump pada Senin (6/8), dalam upaya "meningkatkan tekanan atas Teheran".

Harga Minyak Pun Rebound, Ketika Iran Umumkan Akan Gelar Latihan Militer

KONFRONTASI -   Harga minyak berhasil pulih dari tekanan sebelumnya yang disebabkan tanda-tanda berlanjutnya suplai pasokan serta meningkatnya ketegangan geopolitik.

Berdasarkan data Bloomberg, harga minyak West Texas Intermediate (WTI) untuk pengiriman September naik US$1,30 dan berakhir di US$68,96 per barel di New York Mercantile Exchange pada perdagangan Kamis (2/8/2018). Total volume yang diperdagangkan mencapai sekitar 28% di bawah rata-rata 100 hari.

Iran Anggap Sanksi AS atas Turki Sebagai Bentuk Tekanan dan Pemerasan

KONFRONTASI-Menteri Luar Negeri Iran, Mohammad Javad Zarif mengecam keputusan Amerika Serikat (AS) untuk menjatuhkan sanksi terhadap Turki. AS menjatuhkan sanksi ekonomi kepada dua orang menteri Ankara.

Melalui akun Twiiternya, Zarif menyatakan keputusan AS mensaksi Turki menunjukan  Washington belum bisa lepas dari kebijakan berbasis tekanan dan pemerarasan.

Iran Tolak Tawaran Trump untuk Berunding

KONFRONTASI-Para pejabat tinggi Iran pada Selasa menolak tawaran Presiden Amerika Serikat Donald Trump untuk mengadakan pembicaraan tanpa syarat.

Mereka menganggap tawaran itu sebagai langkah tak berguna dan "suatu penghinaan" setelah Trump bertindak akan memberlakukan sanksi-sanksi atas Teheran menyusul penarikannya dari perjanjian nuklir.

Secara terpisah, Presiden Iran Hassan Rouhani mengatakan penolakan Trump terhadap persetujuan itu yang dicapai tahun 2015 merupakan tindakan "ilegal" dan Iran tidak akan mudah terganggu dengan kampanye baru Washington untuk mencekik ekspor minyak vital Iran.

Trump Siap Berunding dengan Pemimpin Iran Tanpa Prasyarat

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Amerika Serikat Donald Trump pada Senin menyatakan siap bertemu dengan pemimpin Iran tanpa prasyarat untuk merundingkan cara memperbaiki hubungan setelah Washington menarik diri dari perjanjian nuklir internasional tahun 2015.

"Jika mereka ingin bertemu, saya akan bersedia," kata Trump dalam konferensi pers di Gedung Putih saat ditanya apakah ia siap bertemu dengan Presiden Iran Hassan Rouhani.

"Saya siap bertemu dengan siapa pun," kata dia, seperti dilansir Reuters.

Iran's Rouhani says it's up to Europe to save nuclear deal

KONFRONTASI-Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said on Tuesday the U.S. withdrawal from a nuclear deal was “illegal” and it was up to Europe to preserve the landmark accord with Tehran.

In May, the United States pulled out of the 2015 deal between world powers and Tehran under which international sanctions were lifted in return for curbs on its nuclear program.

U.S. President Donald Trump said on Monday he would be willing to meet Iran’s leader without preconditions to discuss how to improve ties.

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