14 November 2019

Moon Jae-in

Perdana Menteri Jepang Tepis Pertemuannya dengan Presiden Korsel Moon Jae-In

KONFRONTASI -  Hubungan antara Jepang dan Korea Selatan (Korsel) tampaknya belum akan pulih dalam waktu dekat. Surat Kabar Jepang, Sankei, melaporkan bahwa Perdana Menteri Jepang Shinzo Abe tidak mau bertemu dengan Presiden Korsel Moon Jae-in selama sidang umum PBB pada bulan September mendatang.

Mengutip Reuters, harian Sankei pada hari Senin, (29/7) menuliskan, Abe tidak akan mengadakan pembicaraan dengan Moon kecuali, Seoul mengambil langkah-langkah konstruktif atas pekerja paksa era Perang Dunia kedua dan masalah-masalah lainnya.

Moon Jae-in urges US to declare end of war with North Korea

KONFRONTASI-South Korean President Moon Jae-in has urged the United States to consider the nuclear-armed North's demands for a declaration that the Korean War is over.

The message from the South Korean leader to the US came even as the two allies pursue increasingly different approaches towards Pyongyang.

Perangi Kejahatan Seksual, Presiden Korsel Dukung Kampanye #MeToo

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Korea Selatan Moon Jae-In, Senin (26/0), mendukukung kampanye #MeToo yang menyebar ke seluruh negeri, serta mendesak langkah untuk memerangi pelecehan terhadap perempuan dan hukuman bagi pelakunya.

Pernyataan itu disampaikan saat semakin banyak perempuan Korea Selatan yang menuduh sejumlah tokoh terkenal melakukan pelecehan seksual, menjadi berita utama di negara yang masih sangat konservatif meski perekonomian dan teknologinya sudah maju.

Korsel Desak Dunia Internasional Lucuti Nuklir Korut

KONFRONTASI-Presiden Korea Selatan (Korsel) Moon Jae-in tidak akan mengendurkan sanksi kepada Korea Utara (Korut). Dia menegaskan, sanksi akan terus dijatuhkan sebelum negara yang dipimpin Kim Jong Un itu menghentikan program nuklir mereka.

"Perbincangan dengan Korut sudah dimulai tapi karena isu nuklir belum terpecahkan maka kami akan terus menekankan sanksi internasional guna menjaga perdamaian," kata Presiden Moon Jae-in seperti dikutip Anadolu Agency, Rabu (10/1).

South Korea urges 'parallel' talks and sanctions to rein in North Korea

KONFRONTASI-South Korea's new president launched international efforts to defuse tension over North Korea's weapons development on Thursday, urging both dialogue and sanctions while also aiming to ease Chinese anger about a U.S. anti-missile system.

Moon Jae-in, a liberal former human rights lawyer, was sworn in on Wednesday and said in his first speech as president he would immediately address security tensions that have raised fears of war on the Korean peninsula.

Moon first spoke to Chinese President Xi Jinping and later to Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, with how to respond to North Korea's rapidly developing nuclear and ballistic missile programs, in violation of U.N. Security Council resolutions, dominating talks.

"The resolution of the North Korean nuclear issue must be comprehensive and sequential, with pressure and sanctions used in parallel with negotiations," Moon's spokesman, Yoon Young-chan, quoted Moon as telling Xi.

"Sanctions against North Korea are also a means to bring the North to the negotiating table aimed at eliminating its nuclear weapons," Yoon told a briefing, adding that Xi indicated his agreement.

Moon has taken a more conciliatory line with North Korea than his conservative predecessors and advocates engagement. He has said he would be prepared to go to Pyongyang "if the conditions are right".

Regional experts have believed for months that North Korea is preparing for its sixth nuclear test and was working to develop a nuclear-tipped missile capable of reaching the United States, presenting U.S. President Donald Trump with perhaps his most pressing security issue.

Trump told Reuters in an interview last month major conflict with North Korea was possible though he would prefer a diplomatic outcome.

North Korea says it needs its weapons to defend itself against the United States which it says has pushed the region to the brink of nuclear war.

"Threats from North Korea's nuclear and missile development have entered a new stage," Japan's Abe told Moon in their telephone call, according to Japanese Deputy Chief Cabinet Secretary Koichi Hagiuda.

"How to respond to North Korea ... is an urgent issue. I would like to closely cooperate with the president to achieve the denuclearization of North Korea," Abe told Moon.

But Abe also said "dialogue for dialogue's sake would be meaningless" and he called on North Korea to demonstrate "sincere and concrete action", Hagiuda said, adding that Moon shared Abe's views.

Japan has been concerned that Moon will take a tough line on feuds stemming from the bitter legacy of its 1910-1945 colonization of the Korean peninsula and could fray ties at a time when cooperation on North Korea is vital.

Moon told Abe to "look straight at history" and not make the past "a barrier", though he raised South Korea's dissatisfaction with a 2015 agreement meant to put to rest a dispute over Japanese compensation for South Korean women forced to work in Japanese brothels before and during World War Two, Korea's presidential office said.

New South Korean president vows to address North Korea, broader tensions 'urgently'

KONFRONTASI-South Korea's new liberal President Moon Jae-in was sworn in on Wednesday and vowed to immediately tackle the difficult tasks of addressing North Korea's advancing nuclear ambitions and soothing tensions with the United States and China.

Moon said in his first speech as president he would begin efforts to defuse security tensions on the Korean peninsula and negotiate with Washington and Beijing to ease a row over a U.S. missile defense system being deployed in the South.

In a phone call congratulating Moon's election, U.S. President Donald Trump agreed with the new South Korean leader to cooperate on North Korea's nuclear issue and invited him to visit Washington, the South Korean presidential office said.

Trump reaffirmed the U.S.-South Korea alliance was strong and said North Korea's nuclear issue was a difficult problem but one that could be resolved, the Blue House said in a statement.

In his first key appointments, Moon named two liberal veterans with ties to the "Sunshine Policy" of engagement with North Korea from the 2000s to the posts of prime minister and spy chief.

Moon named Suh Hoon, a career spy agency official and a veteran of inter-Korea ties, as the head of the National Intelligence Service. Suh was instrumental in setting up two previous summits between the North and South.

Veteran liberal politician Lee Nak-yon was nominated to serve as prime minister. Now a regional governor, Lee was a political ally of the two former presidents who held the summits with the North in 2000 and 2007.

Lee's appointment requires parliamentary approval.

Moon was expected to fill the remaining cabinet and presidential staff appointments swiftly to bring an end to a power vacuum left by the removal of Park Geun-hye in March in a corruption scandal that rocked South Korea's business and political elite.

"I will urgently try to solve the security crisis," Moon said in the domed rotunda hall of the parliament building. "If needed, I will fly straight to Washington. I will go to Beijing and Tokyo and, if the conditions are right, to Pyongyang also."

Spy chief nominee Suh said Moon could go to Pyongyang if it was clear the visit would help resolve the North Korean nuclear crisis and ease military tension on the Korean peninsula.

North Korea is likely to welcome Moon's election but its state media made no mention of his victory on Wednesday.

The deployment of the U.S. Terminal High Altitude Area Defense System (THAAD) in the South has angered China, Seoul's major trading partner, which sees the system's powerful radar as a threat to its security.

The issue has clouded efforts to rein in North Korea's nuclear and missile programs, and also led to recriminations by Beijing against South Korean companies.

Moon, 64, also pledged to sever what he described as the collusive ties between business and government that have plagued many of South Korea's family-run conglomerates, known as chaebol, and vowed to be incorruptible.

"I take this office empty-handed, and I will leave the office empty-handed," Moon said.

Moon met leaders of opposition parties before his simple swearing-in ceremony at parliament and promised to coordinate with them on national security.

Office workers and passersby lined the streets as Moon's motorcade passed through central Seoul en route to the presidential Blue House.

Moon waved to well-wishers through the sunroof of his limousine, which was flanked by police motorbikes.