18 January 2019


‘Spend the Minimum’: After Crash, Lion Air’s Safety Record Is Back in Spotlight

By Hannah Beech and Muktita Suhartono, NYTimes

Photo essay: At play on the Mentawai Islands

By: Maskota Delfi *



Clashes resume in Yemen's Hodeidah after Houthis say open to truce

KONFRONTASI- Intense fighting broke out in Yemen’s port city of Hodeidah late on Monday, shattering a lull in violence that had raised hopes of a ceasefire between a Saudi-led coalition and Houthi insurgents as the United Nations tried to resume peace talks.

Coalition warplanes conducted more than 10 air strikes on Houthi positions and battles could be heard in the “July 7” district, four km (2.5 miles) away from the port, residents said. One resident said a medium-range missile had been fired from the city center towards the district in the suburbs.

European court orders release of Kurdish politician Demirtas

KONFRONTASI-The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has ruled that pre-detention of pro-Kurdish opposition politician Selahattin Demirtas was "unjustified", urging his release.

In Tuesday's judgment, the top human rights court accepted that Demirtas, who has been in jail since November 2016, had been detained on "reasonable suspicion" of having committed a criminal offence.

Political Islam After The Arab Spring: Between Jihad and Democracy

By Olivier Roy


Interpol renews arrest warrant for MOL's CEO, Croatia says

KONFRONTASI-International police organization Interpol has decided to renew an arrest warrant for the head of Hungary’s energy group MOL issued by Croatia, Croatian police said in a statement on Saturday.

MOL’s Chief Executive Zsolt Hernadi has been indicted in Croatia for allegedly bribing former Croatian Prime Pinister Ivo Sanader to allow MOL to become the key decision-maker in Croatian energy company INA where MOL is the biggest but not the majority shareholder.

Indonesia's Widodo, a maverick no longer

KONFRONTASI -   On Oct. 20, 2014, Joko Widodo was sworn into office as Indonesian president after a campaign that promoted him as a clean and modest outsider against the patronage-steeped veterans of party politics. Many analysts thought the system was stacked against his presidency succeeding. 

Theresa May promises Brexit deal will deliver vote of British people

KONFRONTASI-British Prime Minister Theresa May has said the draft deal the United Kingdom has struck with the European Union with regards to Brexit will adhere to what people voted for during the 2016 Brexit referendum.

"What we have been negotiating is a deal that does deliver on the vote of the British people," May told MPs on Wednesday after the UK and EU finalised the details of their plan on Tuesday.

May defended the agreement to a group of MPs from her own Conservative party ahead of a meeting with her cabinet, during which she is seeking her ministers' backing for the deal.

Despite an earlier statement, Downing Street said May would not make an official statement on if the cabinet had agreed on the deal on Wednesday night.

Hardline Brexit supporters said the deal included unacceptable compromises.

May said the agreement would guarantee an end to unlimited immigration from the EU and would allow Britain to set its own trade policy, two of the main issues raised during the Brexit campaign.

She added the agreement included a backstop to avoid a hard border in Ireland but said this would be a temporary "insurance policy" if no future relationship is agreed.

"We want to bring the future relationship into place at the end of December 2020," she said.

Accoriding to Al Jazeera correspondent Paul Brennan, the next 24 hours will be crucial for both Brexit and the Theresa May government as a whole.

"We are wondering now if the Brexit piece falling into place or the British government falleng into pieces," Brennan said from London.

"The reaction has been almost universally opposed to the deal, both the Brexiteers and those who want to stay in the EU are extremely unhappy," he said.

"Parliament seems to be at an impasse."

The Irish border has been a key issue during negotiations between London and Brussels.

Both have vowed to prevent the re-emergence of a hard border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, which will leave the EU with Britain, amid fears the issue could reignite decades-old tensions.

But the two sides disagreed for a long time on how to resolve the issue.

Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the main opposition Labour Party, said the agreement "breaches the prime minister's own red lines", adding that negotiations with Brussels had been "shambolic".

"This government spent two years negotiating a bad deal that will leave the country in an indefinite half-way house," Corbyn said.

Conservative Peter Bone, a leading pro-Brexit MP, also criticised May.

"You are not delivering the Brexit people voted for and today you will lose the support of many Conservative MPs and millions of voters," Bone said.

Following the UK's announcement an agreement was signed, Ireland's Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said on Wednesday that an emergency EU summit could be held on November 25 to vote on the deal.

UK parliament would then vote on the Brexit accord.

If successful, the whole Brexit process should be concluded on March 29, 2019, almost three years after the referendum was held.

However, Brennan said that a failure for the cabinet to approve the deal could lead to real issues for May and her government.

"The timetable from now is that the cabinet has to approve, and if they don't approve she will have to review her position as cabinet leader," Brennan said.

"The real problems will arise in parliament, because there is no majority and if they don't approve that's when we're really in uncharted territory because we might be looking at general elections," he added.

U.N. bemoans lack of funding for African anti-jihadist force

KONFRONTASI-International donors have disbursed less than half of what they had pledged for a regional force fighting to contain West African jihadists, hampering its efforts as insecurity spreads across the region, a United Nations report said.

A February conference of about 50 countries including the United States, Japan and Norway pledged 415 million euros ($470 million) for the G5 Sahel force, made up of troops from Mali, Niger, Chad, Burkina Faso and Mauritania.

Jokowi in Indonesia’s ‘Neo-New Order’

By:  Tim Lindsey *



On 16 September, police broke up an academic discussion at the offices of renowned activist NGO the Jakarta Legal Aid Foundation (LBH). The topic was the killings of alleged leftists in 1965 and 1966 in the wake of the failed coup that brought former president Suharto to power, public discussion of which has often raised the ire of anti-communist mobs.